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Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

2 edition of Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia found in the catalog.

Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia

M. Blowfield

Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia

  • 154 Want to read
  • 8 Currently reading

Published by Natural Resources Institute in Chatham Maritime, Kent .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Agricultural laborers -- Ghana.,
  • Agricultural laborers -- Indonesia.,
  • Tree crops -- Ghana.,
  • Tree crops -- Indonesia.,
  • Farms, Small -- Ghana.,
  • Farms, Small -- Indonesia.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographical references (p. 55-56).

    StatementM. Blowfield.
    SeriesNRI socio-economic series -- 9.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination56 p. :
    Number of Pages56
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16033836M
    ISBN 100859544249

      A sample of farmers who managed their trees primarily for timber production was compared to a sample of farmers with similar socio-economic characteristics who did not. The household condition and composite models identified both on-farm and off-farm gross incomes as significant factors affecting farmers’ decisions to manage timber by:   Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) addresses the challenge of meeting the growing demand for food, fibre and fuel, despite the changing climate and fewer opportunities for agricultural expansion on additional lands. CSA focuses on contributing to economic development, poverty reduction and food security; maintaining and enhancing the productivity and resilience of natural and agricultural Cited by: Agroforestry is a land use management system in which trees or shrubs are grown around or among crops or pastureland. This intentional combination of agriculture and forestry has varied benefits, including increased biodiversity and reduced erosion. Agroforestry practices have been successful in sub-Saharan Africa and in parts of the United States.   According to the farmers, growing vegetables amongst trees had a lot to offer but, at the same time, they struggled to raise the capital and manage associated risks. The introduction of vegetables to tree-based systems can be very sensitive to climatic variation, not to mention the competition between crops and trees for light, nutrients and water.

    Biochar Systems for Smallholders in Developing Countries: Leveraging Current Knowledge and Exploring Future Potential for Climate-Smart Agriculture. .


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Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia by M. Blowfield Download PDF EPUB FB2

Blowfield, M.E. Labour Strategies among Smallholders producing Perennial Tree Crops in Ghana and Indonesia. NRI Socio-economic series no.

Chatham, Natural Resources Institute, Blowfield, M.E. The Allocation of Labour to Perennial Tree Crops: decision-making by African smallholders. NRI Socio-economic series no. The Allocation of Labour to Perennial Crops Decision-making by African Smallholders (NRI Socio-economics) [Mick Blowfield] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying : Mick Blowfield.

Labour Strategies Among Smallholders Producing Perennial Tree Crops in Ghana and Indonesia Mick Blowfield This book provides a comprehensive overview of how the world's sustainability challenges are affecting and being affected by business.

Bloggat om Business and Sustainability. The printed data is produced in conjunction with MC, THE NETHERLANDS, The SPAAR Secretariat, The World Bank, H Street, M.W., Washington, D.C.

USA MC Wageningen, PO A B Wageningen, THE NETHERLANDS Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia by M Blowfield NRI Socioeconomic Series ISBN 0. Labour Strategies Among Smallholders Producing Perennial Tree Crops in Ghana and Indonesia Mick Blowfield University of Reading 'A really good book.

I recommend it because it adopts a critical approach that Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia book students to discuss and debate both the ethical and the pragmatic aspects of current theory and the practice of corporate.

The paper draws on fieldwork data collected over several years among coffee smallholder farmers in EHP, cocoa smallholders in ENBP and oil palm smallholders in WNBP.

1 In each field site, cash has. Labour Strategies Among Smallholders Producing Perennial Tree Crops in Ghana and Indonesia (SES9) Survival Strategies of Poor Women in Urban Africa: The Case of Zambia (SES10) iv.

Pineapple Production and Labor Relations in the Peri-Urban Niels (). ‘Transnational Sourcing Practices in Ghana’s Perennial Crop Sectors’, Journal of Agrarian Change Ellen Payongayong, and J.B.

Aidoo (). ‘Land Tenure and the Management of Land and Trees: the Case of Customary Land Tenure Areas of Ghana Author: Aya Suzuki. institutions [8]. Thus, modernizing agriculture in Ghana seems to also suggest the promotion of commercial agriculture particularly among smallholder farmers who tend to be more subsistence oriented.

In considering the commercialization of smallholder agriculture in Ghana, certain key questions become relevant. The objective of this paper is to assess the poverty-reducing potential of smallholder agriculture in Zambia, in light Labour strategies among smallholders producing perennial tree crops in Ghana and Indonesia book suggested public actions.

Several analytical techniques are used to examine the opportunities and constraints facing typical smallholders. These includeFile Size: KB. Analysis of Technical Efficiency among Smallholder Farmers in Kisii County, Kenya Increasing agricultural productivity can also be achieved through smallholder agriculture realized through key institutions in agriculture, livestock, forestry and wildlife, increasing productivity of crops, livestock and tree cover, improving market Author: Nyariki I.

Kiprop, Bett K. Hillary, Patience Mshenga, Newton Nyairo. Indonesian smallholder oil palm generally yield much less than corporate plantations. We analysed a smallholder oil palm production system in West Sumatra which outperformed its nucleus estate. intensification and the African smallholder farmer B 1 Vanlauwe1, D Coyne1, J Gockowski2, S Hauser3, J Huising3, C Masso, G Nziguheba1, M Schut4 and P Van Asten5 Sub-Saharan Africa needs to produce more food, feed, and fiber to support its growing population and intensification of smallholder agriculture is a crucial component of any.

Cocoa is not the only `shifting perennial crop'. During the twentieth century, rubber supplies have moved from Amazonia to Asia and oil palm from Africa to Asia. Brazilian and Côte d'Ivoire coffee also hide shifts of production from one region to another within each country. Smallholder Agriculture in East Africa: Trends, Constraints and Opportunities (1) Adeleke Salami, Abdul B.

Kamara and Zuzana Brixiova _____ AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT BANK GROUP Working Paper No. April (1) Adeleke Salami, Abdul B. Kamara, Zuzana Brixiova are Research Economist, Research Division Manager andFile Size: KB. 98 production systems.

The main labour force is the family, with labour groups organised among 99 neighbours for some activities (such as the copra harvest). The farming system is based on a combination of perennial cash crops and annual or pluri-annual food crops. Agroforestry. Smallholder Agroforestry Fruit Production in Lampung, Indonesia: Horticultural Strategies for Smallholder Livelihood Enhancement J.M.

Roshetko1,a and P. Purnomosidhi2 1 Winrock International and International Centre for Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF), PO BoxBogor,Indonesia. The key determinants of commercialization among tomato farmers are land productivity and labour productivity.

Similarly, the main determinants of commercialization among pineapple smallholder. Agro-Science Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension Volume 15 Number 3 (September ) pp.

7 - 12 ISSN LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY AND RESOURCE USE EFFICIENCY AMONGST SMALLHOLDER COCOA FARMERS IN ABIA STATE, NIGERIA Obike, K.C., Idu, M.A. and Aigbokie, : K.C. Obike, M.A. Idu, S.O. Aigbokie. traditional rubber and incomes among smallholder rubber farmers in Indonesia.

However, the adoption of new technology was low and the reasons for these were still unclear. This study explores how smallholder farmers in Indonesia adopt new technology.

Rubber Agroforestry System (RAS) introduced mainly by International Centre for. The effectiveness of extension services provided by OPIC for the production of oil palm to smallholder growers in Hoskins, West New Britain Province Mendano, Senny Kapia () In Papua New Guinea, oil palm is regarded as a crop with great economic importance and is now the dominant export cash crop in terms of export by: TREE CROP FARMING SYSTEM Characteristics of the system.

The backbone of this farming system is tree crop production, notably cocoa, robusta coffee, oil palm and rubber. Food crops are often interplanted between tree crops. Roots and tubers (cassava, yam and cocoyam) are the main staples; tree crops and off-farm activities are the main source.

The oil palm (Elæis guineensis Jacq.) is a perennial tree crop of the Arecaceae family (Rieger ). It is native to the countries bordering the Gulf of Guinea (Hoyle and Levang ), with the main belts running through the southern latitudes of Cameroon, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone and into the equatorial region of Angola.

The role of women in agriculture. Prepared by the SOFA Team and Cheryl Doss. further insight into the substantial heterogeneity among countries and within countries in women’s contribution gender, agriculture, labour force, employment, production, time-use, demographics, market access.

JEL: J11,J21, J22, J24, J43, QFile Size: KB. Seeds of Discontent: Oil Palm and Changing Production Strategies among Smallholders in Papua New Guinea. The reference for this chapter is: Curry, G.N. and Koczberski, G. Seeds of discontent.

Oil palm and changing production strategies among smallholders in Papua New Guinea. In Connell, J. and Waddell, E. (eds). Labour allocation among smallholder farmers provides employment opportunities, generates incomes and reduces income variability among farming households (Haggbladeet al., ; Bernardin, ).

Agriculture in the rural areas is a major employer of labour however; reports have shown that, peasant agriculture is unable toAuthor: I Ibidapo, Oni. Producing for the market calls for production resources, including production means such as land, water, on-farm and off-farm infrastructure, labour force, capital, and good management of these resources.

Poor access to these resources affects the way in which smallholder farmers can benefit from opportunities in agricultural markets, especially in.

producers into the market. Indonesia is now the world’s third largest producer, with a planted area between to M ha, seemingly well placed to benefit from global market developments.

Until recently, growth of production. has been almost entirely through expansion of area. With the exception of Central America, which has shownFile Size: 1MB. An Analysis of Productivity Gaps among Smallholder Groundnut Farmers in Uganda and Kenya Cresensia Asekenye Agriculture., Makerere University Kampala, Uganda, A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Science at the University of Connecticut Cited by: 4.

Introduction. Agriculture is an important sector in the Cameroonian economy. Recent studies show that, it accounted for as much as 30% of the gross domestic product (GDP), 70% of overall employment, and over 40% of total foreign exchange earnings ().A significant feature of the agriculture in the slash and burn zone of Cameroon is the dual structure of the farming system, composed of farming Cited by: Agriculture employs 66% of the country’s working labour force and about 60% of all raw materials used in industry come from agriculture (CIA world fact book, ).According to UNCTAD (), “the horticultural sector is considered strategic in terms of high employment opportunities since most production systems are labour intensive.”.

In more developed fresh fruits and vegetables chains, the commercial fruit and vegetable producers are usually not among the asset-poorest farmers: they will have irrigation, make intensive use of labour, and have already been able to step up from subsistence and staple food production (Dorward, ).

On the other hand, for fresh fruits and. The Uptake of Fodder Shrubs among Smallholders in East Africa: Key Elements that Facilitate Widespread Adoption. are not available for constructing a response curve to show the effect of varying quantities of calliandra on milk production.

Calliandra was also found to increase the milk production of dairy goats (Kiruiro. et al. Introduction. Global cocoa demand is projected to keep increasing up to million tonnes by the end of whilst unstable production persist due to low productivity per unit area as well as climate variability ().Between andglobal land area under cocoa cultivation increased from to million ha while yield levels during the same period barely increased, to kg Author: Issaka Abdulai, Issaka Abdulai, Munir P.

Hoffmann, Laurence Jassogne, Richard Asare, Sophie Graefe. Rice production is an important economic activity among smallholder farmers in northern Ghana serving as source of income and household food security.

The production of rice is often associated with the use of pesticides to control harmful pests of rice, a practice which also poses environmental and human health risks. The study sought to investigate the factors which influence smallholder.

AbstractThis article addresses smallholder oil palm farming in Indonesia and the risk of falling into poverty by comparing contract and non-contract smallholders. We use an asset-based approach to define vulnerability and apply propensity score matching analysis to assess the impact of contract farming.

Data were collected from a cross-sectional survey conducted in of oil palm Cited by: ByIndonesia’s cocoa production did overtake that of Ghana and became the world’s second-most important, but it is still well behind Côte d’Ivoire’s.

21 If long term profitability of cocoa production remains questionable for small-scale family producers, many of which have difficulties in making ends meet, the livelihoods of tea Author: Rodolphe de Koninck, Jean-François Rousseau. analysis of socio-economic factors that affect agroforestry adoption among smallholders in temiyotta location, nakuru county by nyamweya joseph makori c50// research project submitted in partial fulfilment for the award of a masters degree in environmental planning and management in the faculty of arts, department of.

Determinants of Commercialization of Smallholder Tomato and Pineapple Farms in Ghana. Samuel Asuming-Brempong 1*, John K. Anarfi 2, Samuel Arthur 3 and Seth Asante 4. 1 Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Ghana, Legon, Accra.

2 Regional Institute of Population Studies, University of Ghana. Coconut is essentially a smallholder crop in the producing countries of Asia and the Pacific. The innate quality of being small implies that the industry is less organized compared to other agricultural crops in the region.

Being in such condition, most often coconut. Current Agriculture Research Journal is an open access, peer reviewed, international research journal of agriculture science published with sole aim of rapid dissemination of scientific knowledge and to promote the cause for agriculture research.Th amount of irrigated land per person has been declining and is projected to fall more.

Some reasons are population growth (projected to add billion people), wasteful use of irrigation water, soil salinization, and that most of the world's farmers don't have enough money to irrigate their crops. developed world - not using more land, just growing more stuff in the same land; developing.The World Bank works closely with development partners to support Sierra Leone in fighting poverty, promoting economic development and improving living standards.

After slowing to % in from % in the previous year, economic growth in Sierra Leone is projected to rebound to % in driven by increased activities in agriculture and.